Angkor Wat is the largest and most well-preserved temple in the Angkor complex. As I understand it, it's the largest religious site in the world and also one of the most important. The best times to visit are at sunrise and sunset. The temple is so integral to Cambodian identity that they've even included it on their flag.
Preah Khan is a Buddhist temple that was built by King Jayavarman VII in the twelfth century. It's north of the royal city of Angkor Thom, in the ruins of Angkor. To get from Siem Reap, you have to walk a lot, so it's better find other means of transportation. It's quite warm, and this temple is located more in the jungle, not as open as the temples of Angkor Wat or Bayon, where you have almost no surrounding vegetation. For this reason, take a good insect repellent, and if possible, wear a long-sleeved shirt and long pants. Night falls at 6 pm, so be ready a bit before to go back, since all of the tuc tuc go home early! The position of the temple also limits the amount of places to eat and drink compared to the rest of Angkor. The Preah Khan was a Buddhist monastery, which contained monk rooms, it's thought that they were made of wood because there aren't any ruins left. The temple was in the center, with a protective wall surrounding it, which is still there, but a huge tree broke part of the wall with its roots. It seems that nature is taking it over, it's very impressive.
This Hindu temple was built on top of the mountain during the reign of Yasorvarman (889-910), at the end of the ninth century. It stands directly opposite the entrance to Angkor Wat, and is a famous place to go to watch the sunset. To get there, you can either walk or take an elephant; the road isn't too long, but the heat can be a bit of a problem. It's worth the walk and the heat of the climb, though, to see the spectacular sunset and the stunning views of Angkor Wat. We were lucky with the weather and it was really lovely.
Greetings, travelers. The East Mebon was built by Rajendravarman II in the tenth century. He built several temples in the same style as Preah Rup, but this temple has something unique: it sits in the East Baray. In its glory days this Baray (an artificial lake or reservoir) was full of water. It was about 7km x 2km, but nowadays there's no water in it. It's a large area with little vegetation and then the temple, which still stands on some water. As you can imagine, it can only be accessed by boats.
It is just south of the small temple of Ta Som and Neak Pean, and just north of Preah Rup and Srah Sang (Lake of Dawn). In this temple we can find several prangs (towers) and 5 Prasats (small palaces) some with doors decorated in honor of Shiva. The temple guardians, on the steps and in the courtyard, are the lions and elephants so revered by this culture. Despite being a temple of Hindu origin, you'll find a figure of Buddha within. On the terrace is an open space, that gives you a unique point of view; normally, these temples are surrounded by vegetation. Definitely worth a visit for its unique features.
This temple, of Hindu origin, is thought to have been built in the tenth century, in the reign of Yasovarman I. You can see staggered sculptures of animals at the base (lions) and on the walls (elephants). As with many temples in the area, it has been renovated. There's a huge pond that was the king's pool, used to celebrate rituals. Today it is used by the public for swimming and fishing. The colloquial name, Phimeanakas, comes from a compound word that can be translated as Gods & Heaven Palace. Legend has it that this temple was inhabited by a naga (serpent) which transformed into a woman by night, and the king had to "spend the night" with her in order to avoid bad omens. If you can reach the top, following its steep stairs, you'll find a series of long, narrow corridors which are hard to walk through. Overall, an interesting temple that stands out from the others for its unusual architecture and history.
Angkor Thom is also called the Bayon temple, as that's the name of its particular architectural style. It has the unique feature of having linked towers. It's located 1.7km from Angkor Wat, and is surrounded by a moat, 100m wide, and a 3km wall. In the centre is the Bayon temple, a twelfth century structure adorned with hundreds of giant stone faces, some as tall as 23 metres. You can admire the Terrace of Elephants here, the Terrace of the Leper King, and the twelve towers of Prasat.
Across the entire outer wall of the Temple of Angkor, you'll find the largest and longest bas relief carving in the world. This 3.6km wall tells the story and mythology of the ancient Khmer empire. You can see impages of deities, archers, soldiers with shields and spears, on horseback or on foot, boats, elephants accompanying man to battle ... this historical representation was ordered by King Suryavarman II to honour the Hindu gods Brahma, Vishnu and Shiva. This set of mythology, legends, battles, and gods form part of the Mahabharata, the largest epic ever, written in Sanskrit. Much greater than the Iliad and Odyssey combined. A walk through these galleries that run outside the temple will transport you back to ancient times. If you want to know more about Cambodia visit: Http :/ / viajeros.Minube.Com / miguelangelcartagena / blogs_viaje Regards.